Presentation Hustul Sword
- Gift for Marshal Jozef Pilsudski
The wooden sword is inlaid in Hutsul style with white metal, mother of pearl, light and dark wood, plus a series of white, blue and red beads. The blade measureres 970 mm in length, is 65 mm thick at the base and has a 12 mm ridge. The curvature is of 30 mm and the blade is single-edged.
Along the blade lies an inscription that reads: "Huzuls - beloved - chiefs - NATION - I Marshals - POLISH - Joseph - Pilsudski". At the base of the blade, inlaid with a wire and beaded white and blue lies the monogram "RP". This sword was given to Marshal Pilsudski on March 19th, 1931.
- The Hutsuls are an ethno-cultural group who for centuries have inhabited the Carpathian mountains, mainly in Ukraine and in the northern extremity of Romania.
- Józef Klemens Pilsudski (5 December 1867 – 12 May 1935) was a Polish statesman; Chief of State (1918–22), “First Marshal” (from 1920), and leader (1926–35) of the Second Polish Republic.
- From mid-World War I he had a major influence in Poland’s politics, and was an important figure on the European political scene.
- He was the person most responsible for the creation of the Second Republic of Poland in 1918, 123 years after it had been taken over by Russia, Austria and Prussia.
- Under Pilsudski, Poland annexed Vilnius from Lithuania following Zeligowski’s Mutiny but was unable to incorporate most of his Lithuanian homeland into the newly resurrected Polish State.
- He believed in a multicultural Poland with recognition of numerous ethnic and religious nationalities.
- His arch-rival Roman Dmowski by contrast called for a purified Poland based on Polish-speaking Catholics with little role for minorities.
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